Olafur Eliasson was born in 1967 in Denmark to Icelandic parents. After art school in Copenhagen he joined the artist scene in Berlin, founding his studio in the city in 1995 to conduct what he calls “spatial research”. Working with elements suggested by light and shade, weather and the land, Olafur specialises in grand projects rooted in nature, transplanted to public – and often urban – space. He represented Denmark in 2003’s Venice Biennale, and leapt to world attention later that year with his installation The Weather Project in the Turbine Hall of Tate Modern, London. Olafur has engaged in a number of projects in public space, including Green River, an intervention carried out in various cities between 1998 and 2001; The Serpentine Gallery Pavilion (2007), a temporary pavilion situated in Kensington Gardens, London, and designed with the Norwegian architect Kjetil Thorsen; and a commission by Public Art Fund, The New York City Waterfalls, installed on Manhattan and Brooklyn shorelines during the summer of 2008. In the spring of 2009, as a professor at the Berlin University of the Arts, Olafur founded the Institute for Spatial Experiments.